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Q1. What is the drug education model used in this supplement?

Answer 1

Q2. What are the 3 areas of influence explored in the supplement?
Answer 2


Q3. What is the aim of the normative approach?

Answer 3


Q4. What kind of interactivity seems most effective?

Answer 4


Q5. What are the 4 foundations of the supplement?

Answer 5


Q6. Which of the following is not a curriculum requirement?

  1. Identify positive and negative reasons for taking alcohol and other drug-related risks (Seven - B3.1).

  2. Identify and practice strategies for making decisions that involve taking AOD-related risk (Seven - B3.4).

  3. Describe the effects of LSD and Ecstasy on the body systems (Seven - B3.5).

  4. Identify factors that influence the risk level of alcohol and other drug use (Seven - B3.6).
Answer 6

Q7. Which of the following is not a curriculum requirement?
  1. Identify personal, social and cultural influences related to alcohol and other drug use (Seven - B3.7).

  2. Demonstrate the ability to set and maintain personal limits in AOD-related decision-making situations involving peers. (Seven - B4.2).

  3. Identify and practice assertive ways of refusing sexual activity with a person who is under the influence of alcohol or other intoxicants (Seven - B4.3).

  4. Demonstrate an awareness of adolescents as a target population for consumer marketing (Seven - C3.2).
Answer 7


Q8. Which one of the following was not suggested in the focus tests?
  1. Suggestion 1: Place a greater emphasis on cannabis throughout the entire supplement.

  2. Suggestion 2: Identify and profile the drugs that junior high students are most likely to encounter, using the prevalence data from the most recent NS Student Drug Survey.

  3. Suggestion 3: Provide opportunity to foster critical thinking skills in the higher grades by looking at broader social and economic issues surrounding substance use, including beneficial prescription use and possible misuse, international drug trafficking and local markets, community attitudes towards alcohol use, and international and cultural differences in alcohol use.

  4. Suggestion 4: Incorporate current information on cannabis that addresses the proposed (as of 02-05) reduced penalties for simple possession, increased penalties for grow operations and trafficking, and the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Answer 8


Q9. Which one of the following was not suggested in the focus tests?
  1. Suggestion 5: Make each lesson plan as complete as possible to minimize teacher preparation time.

  2. Suggestion 6: Ensure there are many opportunities for computer-based and Internet-based drug education classroom activities.

  3. Suggestion 7: Incorporate group and peer-to-peer hands-on activities for the students wherever possible.

  4. Suggestion 8: Incorporate visual resources into the supplement. This may consist of web-links to existing materials rather than the development of new materials.
Answer 9

Q10. What are the most commonly used substances by NS students?

Answer 10


Q11. Aside from the 3 substances identified in Q10, which substances are used by more than 10% of NS students?

Answer 11


Q12. True or false: The rate of alcohol and cannabis use more than triples between Gr. 7 and Gr. 9?

Answer 12


Q13. True or false: More males use alcohol and cannabis than females throughout high school?

Answer 13


Q14. True or false: Driving after cannabis use is more common among NS high school students than drinking and driving?

Answer 14


Q15. What is the most common alcohol-related harm experienced by NS high school students?

Answer 15


Q16. What is the second most common drug-related harm experienced by NS high school students?

Answer 16


Q17. Which one of the following is not a Best Practice?
  1. Best Practice 1: Drug education needs to be age and developmentally appropriate, focus on risk and protective factors, and address local substance use patterns.

  2. Best Practice 2: Key features of the local situation should be compiled and analyzed through formative research at the program design stage.

  3. Best Practice 3: Address substances that are prevalent in other locales in the event they become available in NS.

  4. Best Practice 4: Single-drug focused units appear more effective after age 14 than units that address a number of substances.
Answer 17


Q18. Which one of the following is not a Best Practice?

  1. Best Practice 5: Focus on longer term effects when providing drug-specific information.

  2. Best Practice 6: Ensure that information is accurate and balanced, acknowledging the benefits that users perceive from their use, and highlighting the fundamental relationship between the user, the substance and the context of use.

  3. Best Practice 7: Drug education programs need to give priority to behavioural, rather than knowledge or attitudinal, effects.

  4. Best Practice 8: Accurate and balanced information is important, and it needs to take the form of "utility knowledge" that is linked to skills development activities that are relevant and useful to students.
Answer 18


Q19. Which one of the following is not a Best Practice?
  1. Best Practice 9: Sessions need to emphasize "student to teacher" rather than "student to student" interactivity, employing role-plays, Socratic questioning, simulations, service-learning projects, brainstorming, cooperative learning and peer-to-peer discussion.

  2. Best practice 10: Social influences programming can be effective, creating greater awareness of peer and environmental influences and developing skills to analyze and minimize their impact.

  3. Best practice 11: Normative programming can be effective, particularly at the lower grades, highlighting the percentage of students not using, and correcting misperceptions.

  4. Best practice 12: General competency enhancement programming, developing skills such as communication, assertiveness, goal orientation, decision-making and stress management, has shown modest effectiveness when it is tied to drug-related situations or scenarios.
Answer 19


Q20. Which one of the following is not a Best Practice?
  1. Best Practice 13: At or just prior to the point where significant numbers of students are using a particular substance (i.e., >25% past year use), provide messages that promote safety and practical strategies for minimizing harm within an overall message emphasizing abstinence as the safest option.

  2. Best Practice 14: To sustain behavioural effects, drug education needs to provide adequate coverage from year to year, with approximately 10 sessions per year; if this can't be achieved, 3-5 booster sessions per year following an initial 10-session module can be effective.

  3. Best Practice 15: All in all, peers who have been trained in interactive instructional methods are best able to deliver a drug education program as intended.

  4. Best Practice 16: External providers invited to augment a program need to be able to address curricular goals and work interactively with the students, rather than present an isolated session unconnected with the curriculum.
Answer 20